Monday, December 28, 2009

Wild Animals in Nepal

Wild Animals in Nepal
The animals which live in the jungle are called wild animals. Some of them are tigers, lions, leopards, foxes, monkeys, deer, squirrels and so on. They can be categorized into various species and groups. Some of them are carnivorous, some are herbivorous and some others are omnivorous. Most of them are directly or indirectly advantageous fpr us.

The animals that live on land are known as terrestrial animals. They are elephants, tigers, lions etc. The other kinds of animals are arboreal such as monkeys, squirrels, chameleon etc. They spend most of their time on trees. Generally, birds are called aerial animals. They can fly in the air. The animals which live in water are cartegorized as aquatic animals. They are fishes, crabs, dolphins etc. Similarly the animals such as alligators, tortoises, ffrogs etc. are called amphibians. Thus the animals are categorized as terrestrial, arboreal, arial, aquatic and amphibian according to their living places.

The animals can also be categorized on the basis of what they eat. The animals which feed on (live on) grass and plants are called herbivorous animals. They are goats, cows, buffaloes, sheep and so on. The animals that feed on only flesh of other animals and birds fall under the category of carnivorous. They are tigers, lions, foxes etc. The animals that live on both plants and flesh of other animals are known as omnivorous.

Nowadays most of the wild animals are declining. Some of the animals are endengered. An animal can not survive if its habit is destroyed. The jungle, the living place of wild animals, is fast being destroyed because of diffrent activities of human beings. People clear the jungle for agriculture and settlement. They cut down the trees for firewood, timber and buildings materials. Furthermore, people kill the wild animals for various purposes. The main cause of their disappearance is uncontrokked and over-population growth. We can preserve wild animals by preserving the forest, running afforestation programmes, opening wildlife reserves and national parks and marketing strict rules to ban the hunting of the wild animals and birds.

Wild animals are absolutely advantageous for us. Firstly, to preserve them, we have to preserve the jungle. If we preserve the jungle, the natural calamities such as flood, landslides, desertification and soil erosion etc. can be redued. We can preserve other natural resources too. Similarly, we can lure foreign tourists if we provide them opportunities to see the wild animals. By the result, we can earn foreign currency from them. Our ecology and enviromment can be kept in balance by preserving wild animals.

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